Tuesday, 29 September 2015

ASTROSTAT-SPACE OBSERVATORY





Astrostat , India’s first multi wavelength, Space Observatory sent into Orbit on 28-9-2015 and  joins elite group  of America,Japan, Russai, Europe. It is a proud moment for Indian Space .
The Space observatory was launched through Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-C30 from Satish Dhavan Space Center, Sriharikota.
Indian astronomers who used to rely on international resources for X-ray and UV data are now empowered with the indigenous Astrostat.
Astrostat carries the following:
  • The Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope - UVIT
  • Large Area X-ray Proportional Counter - LAXPC
  • Soft X-ray Telescope - SXT.
  • Cadmium Zinc Telluride Imager - CZTI .
  • Scanning Sky Monitor - SSM ..
Astrostat eventhough not first but best of all rounder in the world currently.
ISRO asserts that "India will be the only country having a multi-wavelength space-based observatory capable of monitoring intensity variations in a broad range of cosmic sources".
It will be placed almost 650 kilometres above the surface of the Earth and is expected to have a mission life of 5-years.  The weight of Astrostat 1513 kgs.
It studies studying black holes, neutron stars and extra-galactic systems by making observations in the optical, and X-Ray frequencies.
Blackholes, stars magnetic arena is studied, origin of universe , satellite atmospherte is studied. Till now scientists are using Telescopes for sky watch  in the country to carry on research on orbit, astronomy.
Now with the help of Astrostat Far off universe, can be researched by thousands of  researchers.
Indian space science data centre , Bangalore Downloads the observations , data and informations and makes available to scientists.


Monday, 28 September 2015

DRAINAGE SYSTEM -PART OF SMART CITIES

Unless and otherwise drainage system is properly maintained the dream of Smart City remains as dream.
It is known fact that every year Urban Population raises by 10% irrespective of the fact that whether it is semi urban or urban or Municipality or metropolitan or Cosmopolitan,
 People come from villages for better education , medical needs or in pusiut of jobs. The Urban places with better infrastructure attract more people for their living.
When we get more population with earning capabilities, stays in that particular place , generate income it contributes to economy of that particular place, country and global economy.
In the creation of infrastructure Drainage plays major Role.
If Drainage is not maintained properly the following problem may crop up:
1. Overflowing of drainages leads to water flow on to roads-- resulting diseases.
2. Overflowing of drain ages leads to Stagnation of water on roads leading to damage of roads.
3. Damages roads bring hell to earth to those who suffer from Back Ache , Operated, just conceived,
    Pregnant women, Operated woman or man.
4. Damaged roads also lead to accidents less in day light and more in night.
5. If Drainage system is not up to mark , investment on Roads gets wasted.
6.Improper drainage system also leads to contamination of water ,leading to water borne diseases.
7. Improper Drainage system , flooding of roads lead to traffic jams resulting loss of Valuable man hours, loss of revenue and employment.
8. Improper drainage system leads to Dislocation and woes to population.

AS PER WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION
Problems caused by poor drainage

Removing stormwater and household waste water (sometimes called

“Sullage”) is an important environmental health intervention for reducing

disease. Poorly drained storm water forms stagnant pools that provide breed-

ing sites for disease vectors. Because of this, some diseases are more common

in the wet season than the dry season. Household waste water may also

contain pathogens that can pollute groundwater sources, increasing the risk

of diseases such as lymphatic filariasis. Poor drainage can lead to flooding,

resulting in property loss, and people may even be forced to move to escape

floodwater. Flooding may also damage water supply infrastructure and
  contaminate domestic water sources
What are the steps required to be taken to maintain good drainage system
1. Silt in the drains should be cleaned regularly. If necessary machines should be employed,THE SILT removing operation should aim at 0% Over flow or leakage.of drains
2. Whenever drainage covers are arranged in the middle of the road, It should be strong work, wherein Drainage manhole is Very Strong and filling around it is very strong.passing of vehicles on it should not damage its construction.
3.Whenever new drainage connection is given to household the filling between drainage hole and residence where connection is given should be strong.
4. Steps to reduce rain water overflow both on roads as well as in drains.
5. Under ground drainage system should be efficient and easily manageable.
6.Urban authorities should have proper control over the functioning , designing should help in reduction in maintenance.

DRAINAGE SYSTEM SHOULD BE DESIGNED /REDESIGNED WITH A FORESIGHT AND PLAN FOR  NEXT 60-70 Years.
60-70 Years, Design should accommodate provision for   easy expansion  whenever required.
Reasearch also should be encouraged and R&D work should be done continuously.

Who can execute;
The concerned Municipal,  ward,  public Health office, ward member and public.
Where there are leaks online complaints should float from public and should be addressed immediately. Complaint waiting for readdress beyond 24 hours should be intervened by higher ups.
A clean City attracts good number of tourists, who can contribute to the GDP and employment.
A clean City attracts sophisticated offices, services, institutions.
A clean drainage system also curbs the rat menace.
Govt, politicians, Bureaucrats should work on this meticulously so that the cleanliness of that particular place is talked about every where.
Utilization of Youth, Corporates , students, Residents makes it a great movement.
Ultimately drainage system should be well planned , well guided, expertise, wherever required mechanized, well maintained and should be treated as emergency and essential item.
Ultimately the aim should be Ideal City/Most liked City.

Tuesday, 22 September 2015

INDIA GATE --NEW DELHI




India Gate, situated on the Raj Path in New Delhi, was built to memorialize the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the First World War, fighting for the British army. The India Gate also bears the name of 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed during the third Afghanistan war, 1919. The foundation stone of India Gate was laid down by the Duke of Connaught in the year 1921 and was designed by the famous British architect, Edward Lutyens. It was Lord Irwin who dedicated India Gate to the nation in 1931. Later, another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti or the eternal soldier's flame was added to the monument. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is burning since 1971.It is one of the impotant places to see in Delhi.
 
The India Gate is 42 m tall and the entire arch stands on a low base of red stone and rises in stages to a huge molding. From the base of the arch of India Gate one can have a magnificent view of the Rashterapati Bhavan (the President's house). At the top of India Gate, on both sides is inscribed INDIA. There is a vast expanse of lush green lawns surrounding the India Gate. India Gate is certainly one of the most visited spots of Delhi. The lawns of India Gate bustle with people, particularly during summer evenings. The lawns of India Gate house the famous boat club and a children's park. It lends more beauty to India Gate. 
In night it looks amazing in flood lights
Tourists  visiting  Delhi never miss this place.

Thursday, 17 September 2015

THRISHAKTIMAYA MOKSHA GANAPATHI-KHAIRATABAD -HYDERABAD





The Khairatabad Ganapathi , 59 Feet tall , Trishakthi Murthi is  the manifestation of this year Ganesha Festival  at Hyderabad. Devotees participate in the 11-day festival and thousands of people visit from other parts of the state, outside Hyderabad and also India.
 Ganesha Chaturthi or Ganesha Festival is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. It is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi. It is celebrated as it is the birthday of Lord Ganesha. The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Bhaadrapada, starting on the shukla chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon period). Typically, the day falls sometime between 20 August and 15 September. The festival lasts for 10 days, ending on Ananta Chaturdashi. This festival is observed in the lunar month of bhadrapada shukla paksha chathurthi madhyahana vyapini purvaviddha.
On the request of Saints, Rishis Lord Shiva made Ganesha the Vighnadhipathi. On praying Ganesha hindrance/obstacles are remoed for well being  and life is made peaceful ,and when a person is attracted to bad ways of life Lord Ganesh creates hindrance/obstacles so that he does not  fall prey to bad habits and misdoings does not travel in unwanted terrains (route) and lord Ganesh  put  the devotee on right track. As such blessings of Lord Ganesh are very important to safegaurd and sheild us from evils from all walks of life.
In , Hyderabad Khairatabad Ganapathi is most sought after for Moorthi’s Granduer and other arrangements. This year Ganesha Idol with 59 feet Height ,Godess  Saraswathi,  Godess Lakshmi, On one side Bhadrakali and Gajendra Moksham on the otherside is feast to eyes to watch.
Late Mr. S. Sankarayya freedom fighter, in 1954 founded Sri Ganesh Utsav Committee, Khairatabad, Hyderabad. Since then every year it developed with the constant effort of Mr. S. Sankarayya’s family and friends and committee members.
The work on 59 feet Idol started on June 12th 2015 with artists from Telangana, AP, Tamilnadu and Maharastra states .
5600 Kg Laddu made in  Tapeswaram, East Godavari Andhra pradesh, is put on the hand of Ganapathi which is made with 2250 kg sugar,1500kg of Bengal Gram, 1100 kg of Cow Ghee, 380 Kg of Cashew nut, 90 kg badam 10kg Yellow Camphor.  
The Governor Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh  offered First Pooja  and inaugurated .